Charging an electric car can be time-consuming, which may discourage some drivers from getting rid of vehicles with internal combustion engines. However, the charging speed of an EV depends on many factors and can take anything from 30 minutes to several days.
What influences the charging speed, and how long it takes to charge an EV on average?
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Electric car charging times
The charging speed of your EV depends on various factors, such as the size of the battery, charger type, a car’s model, the battery’s condition, and the charging station power output. Electric vehicle owners can choose from 3 types of charging stations providing different charging speeds.
Level 1 charging stations: charging EV at home
When you plug a car into a simple household electric outlet, this is called Level 1 charging. However, this is also the slowest charging method, providing only 3-5 miles of range per hour.
If you charge your EV for 10 hours straight, you can expect to add 30-50 miles of range, which may be suitable for drivers covering short distances in the city. However, if you’re going for a longer trip and need more range, using a household socket isn’t a viable option.
Level 1 charging doesn’t require any additional investment – you only need to pay for electricity. How much it costs to charge an electric vehicle at home depends on your car’s battery capacity and local electricity rates.
If an EV has a 100 kWh battery, you’ll need 100 kWh of electricity to charge it fully.
Level 2 charging stations: public charging points
To use a Level 2 charger at home, you’ll need to buy charging equipment and hire an electrician to install it.
How much does a charging station for an electric car cost? It can cost up to $2,000, including labor, equipment, and any materials needed for the installation.
Level 2 charging stations are also available in public places like supermarkets, parking lots, or office buildings. Depending on the charger, you can expect to add 12-80 miles of range per hour. This means that you can fully charge most EVs in several hours.
Many first-time EV owners wonder how long the battery lasts in an electric car. The battery is projected to last between 100,000 and 200,000 miles or approximately 10-20 years. However, it depends on many factors, such as your driving style, the charging methods you typically use, and the climate you live in.
Avoid draining your battery to 0% or charging it to 100%. EV experts agree that the optimal charging level of the battery is from 20% to 80%. By staying in this range, you’ll extend your battery’s life.
Level 3 charging stations: rapid charging points
Level 3 charging is the fastest and the most expensive charging method. While Level 2 charging stations are the most widespread, Level 3 stations are less common. You can typically find them on highways or public spaces.
You can expect to charge an average EV up to 80% in 30 min. It usually takes another 30 min to charge a car up to 100%. However, you shouldn’t rely on Level 3 charging infrastructure all the time, as it negatively impacts your battery’s health over time.
How to charge an electric car faster
If you want to charge an EV faster, use Level 2 or Level 3 chargers, as they will charge your battery in no time. Level 1 charging should only be considered if you’re going for a short ride and don’t need maximum range.
When you charge an electric car in town during winter, it’ll take more hours to fill up your battery. Cold weather negatively affects chemical reactions in the battery, so the charging may be 2 or 3 times slower than usual. That’s why charging your car in a heated garage in winter is a much better and faster option.
To minimize the loss in range during freezing days, set up the charging time, so a car would be ready just before you need to leave – electrical and chemical reactions pre-heat the battery, resulting in a higher range.
How to make your EV charging rate efficient
When you’re using public charging infrastructure, the prices may vary significantly. Some stations use the pay-as-you-go model, others offer subscriptions. You can also find stations offering 30 minutes of charge for free, which can often be what you need to get home and charge your car cheaper.
How much it costs to charge an electric car also depends on where you live, as many countries offer benefits for EV owners, such as lower taxes or access to free charging stations.
Some retailers also allow customers to charge their vehicles while shopping. Explore your options by using local EV charging apps that will help you understand the cost of charging across different stations and even find free charging options.
Power grid companies usually have different pricing during off-peak hours, meaning you can charge your car at certain hours of the day and save a few bucks. Since EV owners charge their vehicles mostly at home, this can add up to big savings in the long term.
How far can an electric car go on a full charge?
You can expect to drive up to 150-250 miles on a single charge on average. However, this depends on your car’s model, year, battery capacity, and weather conditions.
Can you charge an electric car in 5 minutes?
No. In 5 mins, you’ll only be able to charge your car a bit. When using DC fast chargers, you can expect to charge your car to 80% in 30 min. However, since new technologies are being developed, it may be possible to charge your car faster in the future.
How long do electric car batteries last?
Electric car batteries typically last between 100,000 and 200,000 miles or 10 to 20 years. However, it all depends on your charging habits, driving style, climate conditions, and a specific car brand.